Commentary:

The resigned government of Mansour Hadi, which has faced popular uprisings in southern Yemen is an example of a bankrupt and failed government.

Iran Presscommentary: Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi fled to Saudi Arabia in January 2015 and called on Al-Saud helping him to return to Sanaa, the capital, and to overthrow Ansarullah. Five years later, it is now more apparent than ever that Mansour Hadi's government is an example of a failed state. 

The term 'failed states' is used to describe governments that have fallen short of some of their basic tasks and responsibilities to run a government. These kinds of states face tensions, disputes and belligerent conflicts in the realm of governmental authority, complications that initially lead to weakening, incapacity, and then bankruptcy. 

Matthew Dugan, a Western theorist, believes that a bankrupt or failed state is one that does not have the characteristics of efficiency and legitimacy. 

An efficient government can do its job well in a variety of areas and a legitimate government is a government whose actions are accepted as the norm and value for the people.

Mansour Hadi's government is a weak and abject government because it has shown its incompetence in its initial duties.

Aden, the self-proclaimed capital of the resigned government of Mansour Hadi, was flooded in recent days, but the government of Mansour Hadi was unable to help people. In addition to the floods, people in the southern city of Aden are facing shortages and power outages. 

Hundreds of residents of Aden protested against the mismanagement of the resigned government yesterday, and people closed some of Aden's main streets and tried to set fire to some government buildings. 

In addition, the resigned Yemeni government is facing war-torn conflicts in Aden. The UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council has openly challenged the resigned government and is even trying to take over the presidential palace in Aden. While  Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi tried to return to Sanaa with the support of Saudi Arabia and the UAE and regain power, today, even in southern Yemen, he has shared power with the separatists of the Transitional Council.

A bankrupt or failed government does not have social capital. In this regard, although the United Nations continues to consider the Mansour Hadi government as the legitimate government of Yemen, following the Western powers, the fact is that even in southern Yemen, Mansour Hadi does not have the necessary legitimacy and acceptance to take power.

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Another point is that the bankrupt government relies on a foreign power to overcome its domestic rivals. Mansour Hadi first relied on Saudi Arabia in 2015 to defeat Ansarullah and today, in the conflict with the Southern Transitional Council, it is most dependent on Riyadh's support, but Mansour Hadi's government is so weak that even with Riyadh's support, it has not been able to become a single power in southern Yemen.

Given this situation, it can be said that Mansour Hadi's government lacks two important features of efficiency and legitimacy, and the government is bankrupt and failed.

Saudi Arabia has been striking Yemen since March 2015 to restore power to fugitive president Mansour Hadi, a close ally of Riyadh. The Saudi-led aggression has so far killed more than 20,000 Yemenis, including hundreds of women and children. Despite Riyadh's claims that it is bombing the positions of the Ansarullah, Saudi bombers are flattening residential areas and civilian infrastructure.

Yemen is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis with more than 22 million people in need and is seeing a spike in needs, fueled by ongoing conflict, a collapsing economy, and diminished social services and livelihoods. The blockade on Yemen has smothered humanitarian deliveries of food and medicine to the import-dependent state.

Author: Seyyed Razi Emadi

Translator: Ashkan Salehian

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